Activated carbon works through the process of physical adsorption, similar to a sponge only with air instead of water.

Antimicrobials are a substance that kills and prevents the growth of bacteria. The uses of antimicrobials are vast in today’s society. Antimicrobials are used in common medicine such as penicillin and other antibiotics that target and kill bacteria, food products such as lactic and citric acids and in fabrics of clothing to control human odor. These are just a few examples of how antimicrobials play a role in our everyday lives.

Antimicrobials work in fabrics by targeting and reducing the bacteria that causes odor by destroying cell membranes and reducing reproduction. They do this by being applied to the surface or being interwoven in the thread of the fabric. Once odor causing bacteria from the body comes into contact with the antimicrobial treated fabric, the antimicrobials begin attacking the bacteria and attempt to prevent it from multiplying and spreading to form more bacteria. Three antimicrobial technologies used in fabrics are: oxy technology, silver thread technology and AEGIS technology. Though all three are designed to achieve the same result, they function in different ways.

Oxy Ion Technology
Oxy Ion technology uses a machine to generate ozone that casts an invisible curtain neutralizing odor molecules before they can escape beyond a certain point.

Silver Thread Technology
Silver penetrates cell walls and kills bacteria before it can reproduce.

AEGIS Technology
Physical Antimicrobials bond to a fabrics surface and act as tiny swords that stab odor molecules giving off a charge that kills odor at its earliest form. This is the technology used in Scent-Lok clothing.